California Crop/Weather Report Week Ending October 21, 2018

USDA Crop/Weather Report

WEATHER
Low pressure aloft across the state led to cool conditions through midweek. Temperatures rested at below to near normal levels during the first half of the week. By midweek, the low pressure aloft moved toward the east allowing for high pressure to build over the region. This allowed for a warming trend to develop in which temperatures were expected to rise to above normal levels. The warm conditions continued until Sunday, when the high pressure began to weaken and allowed for temperatures to begin to cool.

Temperature highs ranged from the upper lower 60s to mid 70s in the Sierras, upper 50s to low 80s in the mountains, the lower 60s to upper 80s along the coast, low 70s to upper 90s in the desert, and mid 70s to mid 80s in Central Valley. Temperature lows ranged from the upper 20s to lower 50s in the Sierras, upper 30s to upper 60s in the desert, upper 30s to low 50s in the mountains, mid 40s to upper 50s in the Central Valley, and mid 50s to lower 60s along the coast.

FIELD CROPS
In the Sacramento Valley, rice, safflower, and corn harvest continued. Sunflowers, beans, and rice continued to be harvested in Sutter. In Tulare cottonharvest continued, alfalfa was cut and baled, and corn and sorghum was harvested for silage.

FRUIT CROPS
Table and wine grape harvest continued. Late variety grapes were covered to protect from rain. Raisin grapes were harvested and laid out for sun drying, while dried raisins were picked up. Asian pears, apples, plums, pomegranates, and quince were harvested. Stone fruit harvest was wrapping up for the season. Some old stone fruit orchards were torn out for replacement with new trees. Persimmons were maturing well and developing external color. Oliveharvest continued. Lemons were harvested in Tulare County. Finger lime and Valencia orange harvest continued. Citrus groves were skirted, hedge-rowed and irrigated. Pushed out citrus groves were prepared for planting.

NUT CROPS
Almond harvest was wrapping up for the year. Pistachio harvest continued. Walnut harvest was underway in some locations. Harvested orchards were cleaned and young trees were irrigated.

VEGETABLE CROPS
Cucumbers, peppers, and tomatoes were still being harvested in Tulare County. In the Sacramento Valley, processing tomatoes continued to be harvested. Brassica and lettuce continued to be harvested in Monterey County.

LIVESTOCK
Rangeland and non-irrigated pasture remained in poor condition. More precipitation is needed for fall grass germination. Cattle continued to be provided supplemental feed.

Please be advised, the Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Report’s Weather Data Tables may be discontinued for budget reasons. This includes the possibility of discontinuing the weather data narratives and graphics. Please contact the Pacific Regional Field Office (916-738-6600) with comments regarding this issue. The Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Report’s Crop Progress and Condition data will remain and be available.

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